All About Form 8606

Triston Martin

Sep 04, 2022

Form 8606, Nondeductible Individual Retirement Arrangements, issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), has grown in importance due to the prevalence of Roth individual retirement accounts (Roth IRAs) and the availability of rollovers of after-tax assets from employer-sponsored qualified plans (such as 401(k)s and 403(b)s) (b).

You must file Form 8606 annually if you make after-tax (nondeductible contributions) to your traditional IRA. Money transferred into or out of a conventional IRA, Simplified Employee Pension, or Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees must be reported on Form 8606. (SIMPLE). In addition, you must file the form annually whenever you receive a distribution from a Roth or traditional IRA if you have ever contributed to after-tax funds


If you need to confirm the tax treatment of your transactions in the future, you'll be glad you kept copies of everything you included with your Form 8606. After-tax IRA contributions are contributions to retirement accounts made after taxes have been deducted.

Withdrawals from a retirement account may be subject to taxation, depending on whether the original contributions were made pre- or post-tax. Suppose you have money in a qualified plan through your employer. In that case, the plan administrator or another designated professional is responsible for keeping track of how much of it you have paid in taxes and how much you have left over after taxes. You have complete authority over your IRAs.

Money Put into a Traditional IRA

In most cases, a taxpayer won't itemise their deductions and won't claim a deduction for their traditional IRA contribution because they don't qualify or don't want to. Those eligible for the conclusion but opt out can still receive tax and penalty-free distributions of the amount in the future. When a contribution is not tax-deductible, the taxpayer must notify the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) by filing Form 8606. (counting as after-tax assets). To report an after-tax contribution, complete Part l of Form 8606.

Investing in Multiple Taxable Retirement Plans

Among the many advantages of IRAs is the ability to move after-tax dollars from a qualified plan account to a traditional IRA. When transferring funds from a qualified retirement plan to a traditional IRA, if the transfer includes nontaxable amounts, you do not need to file Form 8606, as stated in IRS Publication 590-A. If this is the case, you must file IRS Form 8606 in the calendar year you withdraw funds from your IRA. There's still a chance you'll want to submit that form, though.


Form 8606 must be submitted annually upon distribution if any post-tax funds are held in a traditional, SEP, or SIMPLE IRA. If you don't file Form 8606, you might have to pay income tax and an early distribution penalty on money that would otherwise be free of both. Distributions of after-tax assets are also reported in Section l of the form.

Partial Distribution Share Based on Time Spent

Don't forget to figure out what percentage of the distribution will come from your after-tax traditional IRA funds. What you put in after taxes becomes your cost basis. Both the taxable and nontaxable parts of the distribution must be reported.

Let's say someone's pretax IRA balance is $8,000. They have a $10,000 traditional IRA (including contributions and earnings). This donor's after-tax contribution was $2,000. An example payout of $5,000 would leave you with $1,000 after taxes and $4,000 in your pocket. Until the entire cost basis has been allocated, pro rata allocations must be made.

Total IRA Value

The amount of an IRA distribution subject to taxation is determined by considering the taxpayer's taxable income for the year and the total amount of their traditional, SEP, and SIMPLE IRAs. However, this stipulation applies if the after-tax contribution is to more than one IRA. To calculate the taxable portion of the distribution, you must refer to the specific guidelines provided in Part l.

The beneficiary of a conversion to a Roth IRA from a traditional, SEP, or SIMPLE IRA must be able to distinguish between the assets used for the conversion and the contributions and earnings that would otherwise go into the Roth IRA. This differentiation determines whether or not a distribution from a Roth IRA is subject to income tax and penalty. These conversion amounts must be reported following the instructions for Part ll of Form 8606.

Withdrawals from a Roth IRA

Section III of Form 8606 is used to report Roth IRA distributions. This section must be filled out to determine whether or not any portion of your Roth IRA distribution is taxable and subject to the 10% early distribution penalty if taken before age 5912, whichever is greater.

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